MAI: wooden house made in Italy for environment - In recent years there have been many studies and experiments that led to the development of new housing types, innovative both in form but especially for energy efficiency and building materials.
Surely the hinge on
which material is based are many types of construction was the wood over the
years as well as having suffered a major re-evaluation has enabled us to
produce a new type of dwelling houses of wood and completely made in Italy and
techniques used throughout the territory thanks to the adaptability and
resistance to various atmospheric and terrestrial events by this material.
This type of dwelling is completely built, developed and
designed in Italy and took the name "Mai", acronym for the habitation
module Ivalsa which precisely has been designed by researchers at the institute
Ivalsa (the Institute for the enhancement of wood and tree species) part of CNR,
National Research Council of Italy, in collaboration with the Ceii, Centre for
European Business and Innovation of the Trentino and Habitech-Dttn, or the
District Technology Trentino for energy and environment. A form of residential
houses that green building has already received significant worldwide
recognition with the award of LEED certification (an acronym for Leadership in
Energy and Environmental Design) according to the standard developed by the
U.S. Green Building Council that in addition to assessing the construction
methods also takes into account the raw materials and their processing cycle.
The habitation module Ivalsa technically consists of
modular home with two bedrooms, a bathroom, a kitchen, a living room, all
within 33 square meters with more than 16 other applications outside the
terraces. All rooms are organized and divided into 5 modules and prefabricated
transportable independently from each other. House high level of modularity,
but especially with the parameters that are very high energy efficiency to
achieve a commendable level of sustainability and efficiency much higher than
the normal wooden prefabricated houses.
Also becomes a key element in the fact that the various
components when joined together they form a complete building completely
finished floors and interior trim and plant. But it is precisely from the point
of view of energy that the project Ivalsa becomes truly innovative: the wood utilized
comes from Italian forests managed in a sustainable and eco-friendly way and
the rooms are fully designed according to the criteria of passive houses that
have not need to plant for heating. In addition, the construction of
earthquake-resistant foundation panels makes this type of home is a viable
alternative to cement, even in areas with high seismic and landslide risk. In
addition, the linings are fitted with flame proof and the building's facades
are composed so as to ensure ventilation and waterproofing the entire building
in case of heavy rain or in situations of intense moisture. Even the roof of
the house comes in its own right in the sustainability of the building, the
roof is in fact covered with a solar thermal plant not only for energy
production but also for the production of hot water needed. Passing through the
furniture is made entirely of natural wood and recycled materials free of
products or treatments, which are toxic.
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